MICHAEL ORMISTON : Mongolian Khöömii Singing Papers, Singers and Recordings

Soundtransformations, Michael Ormiston & Candida Valentino Web Pages

Mongolian Khöömii Singing Papers, Singers and Recordings

There have been many explanations of khöömii that I have come across over the years. I will attempt to point to the main contributors and sources. My own studies brought me to Mongolia in 1993/4/7 and 2000/5/6 and I have interviewed attended and set up workshops with Gereltsogt (London 1993) and Tserendavaa (Europe 2002) that gave me further insight. This page is still under construction and will be updated as I find time to put more information on. If you would like to send me any information regarding Mongolian khöömii and if any Mongolian khöömii singers would like their own page on this site then please email me at ormi_khoomii@yahoo.com



Individual Lessons Info


Film Clips

Collaborations & Previous Projects


Concert info

TV Film Radio

Other CDs

Mongolian Music

Mongolian Khöömii Singers & Info

Home Page

Carol Pegg’s articles on Khöömii

Khöömii nomination extract for UNSECO Intangible Cultural Heritage 2010

Scientific American Article September 1999

The Chöömij of Mongolia A Spectral Analysis of Overtone Singing by Ronald Walcott 1974

Original Research and Acoustical Analysis in connection with the Xöömij Style of Biphonic Singing

Tran Quang Hai and Denis Guillou, Paris 1980

A Two Voiced Song With No Words by Lauri Harvilahti circa 1981

Tuvin Folk Music by A. N. Aksenov, Tuvinskaia Narodnaia Muzyka (Moscow, 1964)

Analysis of Acoustical Features of Biphonic Singing Voices Male and Female Xöömij and Male Steppe Kargiraa

By Takeda, Shoichi and Muraoka, Teruo

Why Do We Perceive Two Tones Simultaneously In Xoomij Mongolian Traditional Singing? By MasashiYamada

Synthesis of the laryngeal source of throat singing using a 2×2-mass model

Ken-Ichi Sakakibara, Hiroshi Imagawa, Seiji Niimi, Naotoshi Osaka

Physical Modelling of the vocal tract of a Sygyt singer by Chen-Gia Tsai

Perception of Overtone Singing by Chen-Gia Tsai

Kargyraa and meditation by Chen-Gia Tsai

Growl Voice in Ethnic and Pop Styles

Ken-Ichi Sakakibara, Leonardo Fuks, Hiroshi Imagawa, Niro Tayama 2004

False vocal fold surface waves during Sygyt singing: A hypothesis

Chen-Gia Tsai, Yio-Wha Shau, and Tzu-Yu Hsiao

False Vocal Fold Surface Waves During Sygyt Singing: a theoretical study by Chen-Gia Tsai

The Effect of the Hypopharyngeal and Supra-Glottic Shapes on The Singing Voice

Hiroshi Imagawa, Ken-Ichi Sakakibara, Niro Tayama, Seiji Niimi, 2003

The Laryngeal Flow model for Pressed-Type Singing Voices

Ken-Ichi Sakakibara, Hiroshi Imagawa, Seiji Niimi, Naotoshi Osaka 2006

Observation of Laryngeal Movements for Throat Singing. Vibrations of two pairs of folds in the human larynx

Ken-Ichi Sakakibara, Tomoko Konishi, Emi Zuiki Murano, Hiroshi Imagawa, Masanobu Kumada, Kazumasa Kondo, and Seiji Niimi
December 2002

Altai Khangai Ensemble info on Khöömii from the net

Zulsar on Khöömii from the Net

Page one of some Mongolian CD’s Featuring khöömii with track listings and liner notes

Page two of some Mongolian CD’s Featuring khöömii with track listings and liner notes

Page three of Some Mongolian CD’s found on the net

An Incomplete List of recorded Mongolian khöömii singers, click on letters

A to F G to R S to Z

Magic of Tone and the Art of Music by the late Dane Rhudyar
This is a very interesting extract about the Harmonic series from the now out of print book

Some Khöömii, Khoomei, Overtone Singing Links and Related Sites now mainly out of date will update soon





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Soundtransformations, Michael Ormiston & Candida Valentino Web Pages

Soundtransformations, Michael Ormiston & Candida Valentino Web Pages

Michael Ormiston Biography

For more information about Mongolian overtone singing workshops, individual lessons, performances,

Tibetan Singing bowl/Gong workshops, soundtransformations workshops, concert booking, education days and more.

please contact Michael at mailto:ormi_khoomii@yahoo.com


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Michael Ormiston is the UK’s most experienced Mongolian Khöömii (Overtone) Singer, a

multi-instrumentalist, composer, inspirational teacher, workshop leader and therapeutic sound practitioner.


Individual Lessons Info

He travelled to west Mongolia in 1993 to study Khöömii with herdsman and expert singer Tserendavaa. During his six times in Mongolia he also studied with leading singers, Tsengedorj, Ganbold, Gereltsolt and Tsogtbaatar and has the rare privilege of being blessed to teach Khöömii by Tserendavaa and Gereltsogt which he has been doing internationally for the past 20 years.


Film Clips

He has taught Khöömii on the SOAS World music summer school for the past 14 years as well as individually teaching ethnomusicology students at SOAS, Goldsmith College, University of London & ADEM Ateliers d’ethnomusicologie Geneva. In 2011, Michael in conjunction with SOAS and The Embassy of Mongolia organised, lectured and performed at the Inaugural European Mongolian Khöömii Festival in London.

Collaborations & Previous Projects

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He wrote, researched & presented “Echoes from Blue Heaven” a two part BBC Radio programme about traditional Mongolian Music and “The Whispering of the Stars”, the first major series (6 part) of radio programmes about Siberian Music for BBC Radio3. In 1994 he organised in conjunction with the Mongolian Government a 1500km musical tour of Mongolia with his group Nada and was invited to Mongolia in 2006 to perform with Mongolian Musicians at the 800 anniversary celebrations of Chinggis Khan’s declaration of the Mongol Empire.


Concert info

TV Film Radio

Other CDs

In 2015 he was awarded the Artists International Development Fund by the Art Council England & The British Council to travel to Kyrgyzstan to perform & Collaborate with musicians & artists.

He was honoured to perform in the presence of H.H. The Dalai Lama, Khamba Lam Choijamts (The Head Abbot of Ganden Monastery, Ulaanbataar), HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, and Ban Ki-moon amongst others.

In 2011 Michael was awarded The International Outreach Award by the Mongolian Embassy UK,

The Mongolian Association in the UK and Lingua Global for his

special contribution to the promotion of Mongolia’s rich Cultural Heritage.

Mongolian Music

Michael’s Overtones, instruments & Compositions have been heard on ‘The Golden Compass’ Hollywood film, Planet Earth, BBC’s acclaimed TV series, ITV’s Beowulf, The Old Vic’s production of The Crucible, Channnel 4, BBC Radio, Theatre De Complicite, Balled Frankfurt and many other performance pieces.

Mongolian Khöömii Singers & Info

He has released many CDs with Candida Valentino who also studied with Tserendavaa in Mongolia.

Michael has a rare collection of Mongolian instruments including the Morin Khuur, Tobshuur, Tömör Khuur, Khulsan Khuur, Limbe, Yatag, Tsuur. Among the other instruments he plays are, Tibetan Singing Bowls, Symphonic Gongs, Saz (Turkish long necked lute), Flat backed Bouzouki, Ney (Turkish end blown flute), Jew’s harps, Kyl Kyiak, Live electronics……

He organised & performed his musical group, Nada a tour of Mongolia in 1994.

This was the first British group to tour the provinces of Mongolia.

Michael has performed with his rare collection of instruments around the world including, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, India, Algeria, Sri Lanka, Spain, Finland, Sweden, Holland, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, at the Montreux Jazz festival (Switzerland), The National Theatre (London), The Queen Elizabeth Hall (London), with members of Ballet Frankfurt (Germany), The Eden Project (Cornwall) and Glastonbury International Dance Festival with Spiral Arts Dance Theatre, Belfast (Northern Ireland) for H.H. The Dalai Lama, and in New York.

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